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八年级英语下册Unit4Whydon’tyoutalktoyourparents短语语法知识点总结新版人教新目标版

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Unit 4 Why don't you talk to your parents 一、必背短语 Section A 部分 1.允许某人去做某事 allow sb. to do sth 2.和…打架 get into a fight with 3.谈论关于… talk about 4.在电话中 on the phone 5.浏览、翻看 look through 6.重要的事 a big deal 7.生某人的气 be angry with 8.成功解决、计算出 work out 9.和..相处得好 get on with… 10.有足够的睡眠 get enough sleep 11.笼罩 hang over 12.主动提出做… offer to do… 13.和…交流 communicate with… 14.拒绝做某事 refuse to do 15.向某人解释… explain sth. to sb. 16.抄袭某人的作业 copy one’s homework Section B 部分 1.家庭成员 family members 2.业余活动 free time activities 3.与某人竞争 compete with sb. 4.提出某人的观点 give one’ s opinion 5.学*应试技巧 learn exam skills 6.依….的观点看 in one’s opinion 7.删除,删减 cut out 8.总的做某事(厌烦等) be always doing sth. 【教材内容解析】 Section A 1. My parents don’t allow me to hang out with my friends. (P. 25) ① allow doing sth. 允许做某事 翻译:The shopkeeper (店员) doesn’t allow smoking in any corner of the shop. ______________________________________________________________ ② allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 翻译:His parents allow him to play computer games if he finishes his homework. _______________________________________________________________ 2. I got into a fight with my best friend. (P. 25) get into a fight with sb.意为“和某人打架”,相当于 have a fight with sb.或者 fight with sb.。 翻译:He got drunk (醉酒的) and got into a fight with Jim. ____________________________________________________________ 3. What’s wrong? (P. 25) What’s wrong?意为“怎么了?”,用来询问对方有什么问题或者不顺心的事,What’s wrong with...?意为“……怎么了?”,后接 sb.或者 sth.,用来询问某人或者某物怎么了? ---What’s wrong with you, Jim? ---I left my umbrella on the bus. 【拓展】询问“怎么了?”,主要有以下几种句型: What’s wrong (with sb./sth.)? What’s the matter (with sb./sth.)? What’s the trouble (with sb./sth.)? What’s up (with sb./sth.)? 4. I’m really tired because I studied until midnight last night. (P. 25) until 表示“直到”和延续性动词连用,意为一个动作一直持续到某个点为止;同短暂性 行动连用时,用于“not...until”结构中,表示“直到……才……”。 翻译:The boy waited in the school until his father came to pick him up. _____________________________________________________________ 翻译:The workers won’t leave until they get their salary (工资). _____________________________________________________________ 5. Why don’t you go to sleep earlier this evening? (P. 25) Why don’t you do sth.?意为“你为什么不做某事”,常用来向对方提出意见,相当于 Why not do sth.?。 肯定回答用 Good idea./Good./All right./Sure.等; 否定回答用 No, I don’t think so./Sorry, I can’t.等。 ---Why don’t you go sleeping with us? ---Good idea. 6. Well, I found my sister looking through my things yesterday. (P. 26) (1) find sb. doi



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